Most importantly, PID can lead to infertility. Although PID can be caused by viral, fungal and parasitic infections, it is most often caused by bacteria.
The most common source of infection is a sexually transmitted one (STI), but many other sources are possible, including lymphatic, post-abortal (either miscarriage or abortion) postpartum, or intrauterine device (IUD) related.
Two thirds of patients in the USA with laparoscopic evidence of previous PID were not aware they had PID
The site of infection most often causing infertility is in the fallopian tubes, a condition known as salpingitis. Where continuing (hidden) infection is causing this condition, it can be cured and also lead to a return of fertility.
Read the articles below, as well as our reviews of treatment methods and Clinics. The Clinic we recommend as the best treatment for difficult cases of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease will also do a free online consultation and diagnosis summary for you.